Western Australia experimented in long distance steel pipelines, when it was considered impossible back in 1898.
High tech, innovation using wooden pipes during the depression in the 1930s
Photo: Karri Timber Stave Pipeswere used in the 1930s in Western Australia, as a low-pressure trunk main replacement, due to the materials being readily available and a worldwide depression (high cost of steel at the time). Wood cutting businesses and families put pressure on the state government to use timber staves. They were made in similar fashion as a wine barrel, reinforced with heavy galvanised steel wire dipped in bitumen and rolled in clean sand.
They were subject to attack by white ants and fire damage, wild donkeys were also said to kick the pipes in to obtain water. Use of this type of timber pipe was discontinued in 1971.
Same photo as above but with 335mm steel, cement lined, pipe running alongside the old timber stave pipe, note the surface rust on top of the pipe
Previously repaired (patched) pipe work is failing
On initial investigation the pipe does not look too bad, but what about the buried sections what are they like? The cement lining has failed in this photo.